- Menstruation can vary greatly from woman to woman and from month to month and still be normal. Generally, the length of menstrual cycle can fluctuate from 3 weeks to 5 weeks, without alarm.
- The average period lasts about 6 days, although some women may experience slightly shorter or longer periods and be perfectly normal. Always count the days in your cycle, the first day of your period as day one.
- Variations in the amount of menstrual flow and the timing of menstruation are quite normal in young women during the first few years following the onset of menstruation. Periods may be irregular or very light. The use of oral contraceptives can often cause fluctuations in menstruation which include either light periods or spotting/bleeding between periods.
- Many times, young women are frightened when they discover dark clumps of tissue in their menstruation. Most often, this is a part of the endometrium (uterine lining) shedding and is nothing to be concerned about.
- The average age of the onset of menstruation is about 12 or 13, however it may begin as young as 8 for some girls or not until 14 or 15 for others. If your period has not started by the time you are 16, see your physician to assess whether there may be an underlying condition.
Premenstrual syndrome (PMS) refers to a wide range of physical or emotional symptoms that typically occur about 5 to 11 days before a woman starts her monthly menstrual cycle. The symptoms usually stop when menstruation begins, or shortly thereafter.
Causes, incidence, and risk factors
The exact cause of PMS has not been identified. Changes in brain hormone levels may play a role, but this has not been proven. Women with premenstrual syndrome may also respond differently to these hormones.
PMS may be related to social, cultural, biological, and psychological factors.
The condition is estimated to affect up to 75% of women during their childbearing years.
It occurs more often in women:
- Between their late 20s and early 40s
- Who have at least one child
- With a personal or family history of major depression
- With a history of postpartum depression or an affective mood disorder
The symptoms typically get worse in a woman's late 30s and 40s as she approaches the transition to menopause.
As many as 50% - 60% of women with severe PMS have a psychiatric disorder (premenstrual dysphoric disorder).
To read more on PMS, please visit this site PubMed Health.
I hope you guys get some valuable info from this post. Anyway, as for me, i did face some issues with my menstrual cycle especially when i am stress because of work. Sometimes i didn't realize my period is late. So, as a women, we need to be aware of our own body and make sure living clean and healthy. God bless.